Many cities in Latin America are being affected by the impacts of climate change, with serious consequences, especially in the poorest populations and peri-urban areas. The greenhouse gases (GHGs) from sectors such as industry, transport, wastewater treatment and solid waste, contribute significantly to the problem, since 70% of global emissions are generated in cities (UN-Habitat).
Also, as an effect of climate change, studies show that the availability of water resources in cities such as La Paz, Quito and Lima is shrinking due to the melting of the Andean glaciers caused by global warming.
Projected 2025, climate change could contribute to an increase of 70% of people with limited access to water sources in the Andean region, a situation exacerbated by the increasing rate of urban migration and the growing demand for water. One of the priority issues identified in the regional environmental agenda of CAF – banco de desarrollo de América Latina - is related precisel y to the role of cities in issues related to climate change, through direct implementation of policies from the field of local municipal governments, as key players.
It is in this sense that the Cities Footprint Project arises from the need to support Municipal Governments and decision makers in the transition stage that their cities must cross to a low carbon development and resilient to the effects of climate change.
This is possible through the measurement and reduction of the Carbon Footprint and Water Footprint of their cities (and territories) and its own institutions. Between 2012 and 2015, three cities in Latin America, La Paz (Bolivia), Lima (Peru) and Quito (Ecuador), participated in the Cities Footprint Project (Phase I), with the support of CAF and CDKN - Climate and Development Knowledge Network -, facilitating the Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (FFLA) and the implementation of the consulting firm Servicios Ambientales S.A. (SASA).
For more information of the project, go to www.citiesfootprint.com