Projects


Many cities in Latin America are being affected by the impacts of climate change, with serious consequences, especially in the poorest populations and peri-urban areas. The greenhouse gases (GHGs) from sectors such as industry, transport, wastewater treatment and solid waste, contribute significantly to the problem, since 70% of global emissions are generated in cities (UN-Habitat).


Also, as an effect of climate change, studies show that the availability of water resources in cities such as La Paz, Quito and Lima is shrinking due to the melting of the Andean glaciers caused by global warming.


Projected 2025, climate change could contribute to an increase of 70% of people with limited access to water sources in the Andean region, a situation exacerbated by the increasing rate of urban migration and the growing demand for water. One of the priority issues identified in the regional environmental agenda of CAF – banco de desarrollo de América Latina - is related precisel y to the role of cities in issues related to climate change, through direct implementation of policies from the field of local municipal governments, as key players.


It is in this sense that the Cities Footprint Project arises from the need to support Municipal Governments and decision makers in the transition stage that their cities must cross to a low carbon development and resilient to the effects of climate change.


This is possible through the measurement and reduction of the Carbon Footprint and Water Footprint of their cities (and territories) and its own institutions. Between 2012 and 2015, three cities in Latin America, La Paz (Bolivia), Lima (Peru) and Quito (Ecuador), participated in the Cities Footprint Project (Phase I), with the support of CAF and CDKN - Climate and Development Knowledge Network -, facilitating the Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (FFLA) and the implementation of the consulting firm Servicios Ambientales S.A. (SASA).


For more information of the project, go to www.citiesfootprint.com


In 2015, with the financial support of CAF, SASA began implementing the measuring project of the Carbon Footprint of the production chain of corn in Argentina, through MAIZAR (Association of Corn Producers and Argentine Sorghum), which is one of the largest companies in maize production in the country, in partnership with the company SUSTENTABLE Argentina and technical support of the spanish Carbonfeel Network.


The project consists in the development of a flexible tool for calculating the Carbon Footprint of types of corn (flint corn and generic corn) and 2 by-products (bioethanol and starch), enabling the inclusion of emission factor of primary character, stablished in the recompiled studies of MAIZAR.


The main objective of the project is to promote that companies and organizations that make up MAIZAR measure their products and services Carbon Footprint. The project also seeks to elaborate an action plan to identify Carbon Footprint reduction opportunities.


The Carbon Footprint of products is the sum of greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted directly or indirectly as a result of the cycles of life, including both the phases through which it is produced and processed a product like transportation and marketing phases.


For more information of the project, go to www.huelladecarbonomaizar.com


In 2016, Servicios Ambientales S.A. (SASA) won an international call launched by the Group of Cities with Climate Leadership (C40), a global network of mega-cities, committed to finding solutions to climate change, to deploy the Global Protocol for emission inventories of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) scale communities (GPC) in seven cities in Latin America:


    Lima (Perú)
    Quito (Ecuador)
    Caracas (Venezuela)
    Santiago (Chile)
    Salvador de Bahía (Brasil)
    Sao Paulo (Brasil)
    Curitiba (Brasil)


The goal is to support cities in developing / updating their carbon stocks based on the GPC methodology, in order to meet the requirements of the Covenant of Mayors in mitigation issues, with a strong focus on issues of local capacity building in authorities and major players in the cities, so that it can ensure the sustainability of the process of measuring and monitoring emissions.


The project has already been initiated and will be implemented until December 2017.


This Carbon Footprint Measurement project of waste and wastewater sectors and THE establishment of mitigation measures has been run by HELVETAS and is being implemented by Servicios Ambientales S.A. since 2015 in 19 intermediate cities of three departments in Bolivia: Tarija, Chuquisaca and Beni.


Its objectives are:


1. Measure the Carbon Footprint of the sectors of waste and wastewater for a base year, in 19 intermediate cities, distributed in 3 regions of Bolivia.
2. Establish a plausible range for defining targets for reducing GHG emissions in the relevant sectors of the population centers and the Municipal Governments, through scenario modeling.
3. Train project staff, local governments, and others to define, in measuring and monitoring Carbon Footprint of the relevant sectors in the cities.


This project is being funded by SDC and implemented by Servicios Ambientales S.A., in coordination with the Vice Ministry of Civil Defense (VIDECI) of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.


The overall objective of the project is to joint planning tools to El Niño phenomenon, serving the VIDECI (with the necessary flexibility to both the institutional framework and at the evolution of El Niño).


The specific objectives include:


1. Socialize the Action Plan, both among decision makers and technicians (central, departmental and municipal level), and the general public (mainly residents of vulnerable areas).
2. Articulate plans, work that is part of the provisions of the law, and starts with the detailed review of management tools in defined areas as a framework but with a focus on preparedness and response instruments, such as Contingency Plans , Response or Emergency.
3. Establish procedures and protocols.
4. Establish impact scenarios of “El Niño”.
5. Development of communication and information system
6. Follow-up actions and systematization


As an initiative related to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), many organizations in Bolivia and other countries have demanded the services of SASA to measure the Carbon Footprint of their institution, in order to implement reduction and compensation measures based on recommendations that are part of one of the products of the service (Footprint reduction strategy).


Among the main clients are:


    Banco Bisa
    Banco Prodem S.A.
    Banco Solidario S.A. (Banco Sol)
    Banco Nacional de Bolivia (BNB)
    Banco Procredit (Ecuador)
    Industrias de Aceite FINO
    OXFAM
    YPFB Refinación S.A.
    SAGUAPAC
    Los Tajibos Hotel
    Gravity La Paz

SASA has also performed the measurement the Carbon Footprint of events, such as:

    Maratón CAF Venezuela 2015 y 2016
    Paso del Rally Dakar por Bolivia 2014, 2015 y 2016

Other Projects


SWISSCONTACT - Determination of the amount of emission reductions of greenhouse gases by the project Aire Limpio (2012)
YPFB REFINACION S.A. – Measurement of the Carbon Footprint of the offices in Santa Cruz de la Sierra (2012)
HOTEL LOS TAJIBOS – Measurement of the Carbon FootprintMedición de la Huella de Carbono de las instalaciones en el departamento de Santa Cruz de la Sierra (2012)
GRAVITY LA PAZ – Measurement of the Carbon Footprint of the instalations in La Paz city.
INSTITUTO BOLIVIANO DE INVESTIGACIÓN FORESTAL (IBIF) – Measurement of the Carbon Footprint in USAID offices and projects that funds at a national level (2011)
SWISSCONTACT – Measurement of the GHG emission reduction in three brickworks micro-companies based on the ISO 14064:2 (2011)
BZ GROUP – Measurement of the Carbon Footprint of the company (2011)
SAGUAPAC - Measurement of the Carbon Footprint of the company (2011)
ENERGÉTICA - Measurement of the Carbon Footprint of the company (2011)
INDUSTRIAS DE ACEITE S.A. - Measurement of the Carbon Footprint of the production plant (2011)
IBNORCA – Management of the Implementation of the Promotion and Dissemination Project of the Bolivian Standard NB / ISO 14064, including training for auditors on the Carbon Footprint, managing the participation of nine companies and three projects of emissions reduction in the project, the creation of a national mechanism of neutralization and the development of outreach and communication seminars (2011)
SWISSCONTACT – Development of the Emission Reduction Project in the “ Artesanal ladrillero” sector of Cochabamba, the elaboration of the DDA and management of the validation of the project with IBNORCA, incorporation of the project to the Electronic Register system of neutralization of Emissions, Diffusion and Communication of Results (2011)
FUNDACION NATURA – Formulation of the documentation of the Forest Protection Reduction Emissions Project, the management of the validation with IBNORCA, incorporation of the project to the Electronic Register system of neutralization of Emissions, Diffusion and Communication of Results (2011)
ASOCIACIÓN INTI ILLIMANI – Formulation of the documentation of the Reduction Emissions Project through Solar Ovens, the management of the validation with IBNORCA, incorporation of the project to the Electronic Register system of neutralization of Emissions, Diffusion and Communication of Results (2011)
OXFAM - Development of a methodology for the calculation of the Carbon Footprint of OXFAM, based on ISO 14064 and the recommendations of The Carbon Trust (2010)
YPFB CHACO S.A. – Feasibility Study of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for plants Carrasco and Santa Rosa (2009)
ENERGÉTICA - Development of a methodology for the calculation of the Carbon Footprint of ENERGÉTICA, based on ISO 14064 and the recommendations of The Carbon Trust (2009)
SWISSCONTACT – CDM formulation and component PIN (Project Idea Note) BRT Project (2009)
BOLSA BOLIVIANA DE VALORES S.A. – Carbon Market Promotion Project and Development Conditions of the Stock Exchange of Social and Environmental Responsibility (2008)
ECOLOGÍA Y EMPRESA / INTERNATIONAL RESOURCES GROUP - Coordination with nine intervention strategies, including the use of biogas from manure in the Bay of Cohana through biodigesters, the implementation of activities of Cleaner Production in El Alto and Viacha, strengthening of municipal enterprises of water treatment and management of solid waste through support in the formulation of CDM projects of capture and burning of biogas, and monitoring of water bodies in the basin to allow their classification under national law
PROGRAMA NACIONAL DE CAMBIOS CLIMÁTICOS - Consulting for Opportunities Generation Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (2008)
INGENIO AZUCARERO GUABIRÁ S.A. - Formulation of the final design document PDD for Guabirá Cogeneration Project (2006)
INGENIO AZUCARERO GUABIRÁ S.A. - Formulation of the Feasibility Study for the Cogeneration Project Based on Bagasse (2005)
EMPRESA ELÉCTRICA VALLE HERMOSO S.A. - Elaboration of PCN Project Concept Note, Paracti Hydroelectric Project (2005)
COOPERATIVA RURAL DE ELECTRIFICACIÓN LTDA - Design project Document PDD (2005)
EMPRESA ELÉCTRICA VALLE HERMOSO S.A. - Development of a PIN and PCN Project Concept Note (2004)
EMBAJADA REAL DE DINAMARCA - Evaluation of Phase I component 4 Prevention and mitigation of pollution in the mining sector; Feasibility Study Component 3 (phase II); Prevention and mitigation of pollution from mining and hydrocarbon sectors (2004)
CORPORACIÓN ANDINA DE FOMENTO (PLAC) - Study of Emission Reduction of Greenhouse Gases - Project Santa Isabel (2003)
EMPRESA MINERA MANQUIRI - Socio-Economic Impact Assessment Project San Bartolome (2003)
COOPERACIÓN INTERNACIONAL DEL JAPÓN (JICA) - Environmental Analysis Study of Bolivia (2003)
LIDEMA - Institutional diagnosis of the Internalization (ownership) of the Sustainable Development in civil society (2003)
CORPORACIÓN ANDINA DE FOMENTO (PLAC) - Feasibility Study for the Transmilenio project, to be eligible for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) (2001 and 2002) REAL EMBAJADA DE LOS PAÍSES BAJOS - Monitoring Plan and Impact Study on San Ramon Power Sustainable Development Project (2002)
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACILITY: Evaluation of experience of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) (2002)
VICEMINISTERIO DE MEDIO AMBIENTE, RECURSOS NATURALES Y DESARROLLO FORESTAL - Draft Law on Regulation of Resources and Services of Biodiversity (2002)
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY (WCS) - Advice on establishing a Financing Program for the Prevention, Control and Mitigation of Indirect Impacts of the Petroleum Industry on Protected Areas and Protective Forests in the Amazon region of Ecuador (2001)
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY (WCS) - Design of the Long-Term Financing Strategy for protected areas in the region (2001)
CORPORACIÓN ANDINA DE FOMENTO (PLAC) - Public policies study and corporate strategies for market development of environmental services (2001)
Mining Research Center / Environmental Planning Policy Center Santiago - Project studies of the contribution of mining and minerals in the global transition to sustainable development from the experiences of Bolivian development (2001)
Secretaria de Estado para Asuntos Económicos de Suiza - Pre-feasibility study of a Cogeneration Project in Bolivia (2001)
WORL BANK - Review and assessment of competence and transparency of processes of Competitions Regional Research (CRR) in the Middle East and North Africa, the former Soviet Union and South Asia (2001)
CORPORACIÓN ANDINA DE FOMENTO (PLAC) - Assessment of macroeconomic and sectoral impacts of limiting emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in Bolivia (2001)
Formulation of the Environmental Action Plan of Hydrocarbons Sector Technical Advisory of Environmental Management PCA / ABT Consultant, in charge of the study (2000)
Pre-feasibility Study of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases for fuel replacement project in Bolivia
Real Embajada de los Países Bajos - Baseline Study and GHG Emission Reduction Project of the Rural Electrification San Ramon (2000)
CORPORACION BOLIVIANA DE ENERGÍA ELÉCTRICA - Miguillas Hydroelectric Project (2000)
Reforestation Project on a private property in the North of La Paz (1999)
World Bank and International Center for Research and Development Canada - depth analysis of how large mining companies can contribute to sustainable development at the level of local communities in the context of international agreements between countries, such as Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Peru and Spain (1998)

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